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Trading Order Types in MT4

An order is an instruction for a broker to perform a trade on your behalf. Depending on which conditions the trades are performed, there may be market, pending and stop orders:

  • execution modes
  • market orders
  • pending orders
  • stop orders
  • trailing stop
IFM Trade - Order

Market Order

Market order is a commitment to the brokerage company to buy or sell a security at the current price. Execution of this order results in opening of a trade position. Securities are bought at ASK price and sold at BID price. Stop Loss and Take Profit orders (described below) can be attached to a market order. Execution mode of market orders depends on security traded.

Pending Order

Pending order is the client’s commitment to the brokerage company to buy or sell a security at a pre-defined price in the future. This type of orders is used for opening of a trade position provided the future quotes reach the pre-defined level. There are four types of pending orders available in the terminal:

  • Buy Limit – buy provided the future “ASK” price is equal to the pre-defined value. The current price level is higher than the value of the placed order. Orders of this type are usually placed in anticipation of that the security price, having fallen to a certain level, will increase;
  • Buy Stop – buy provided the future “ASK” price is equal to the pre-defined value. The current price level is lower than the value of the placed order. Orders of this type are usually placed in anticipation of that the security price, having reached a certain level, will keep on increasing;
  • Sell Limit – sell provided the future “BID” price is equal to the pre-defined value. The current price level is lower than the value of the placed order. Orders of this type are usually placed in anticipation of that the security price, having increased to a certain level, will fall;
  • Sell Stop – sell provided the future “BID” price is equal to the pre-defined value. The current price level is higher than the value of the placed order. Orders of this type are usually placed in anticipation of that the security price, having reached a certain level, will keep on falling.
IFM Trade - Order

Orders of Stop Loss and Take Profit can be attached to a pending order. After a pending order has triggered, its Stop Loss and Take Profit levels will be attached to the open position automatically.

Stop Loss

This order is used for minimizing of losses if the security price has started to move in an unprofitable direction. If the security price reaches this level, the position will be closed automatically. Such orders are always connected to an open position or a pending order. The brokerage company can place them only together with a market or a pending order. Terminal checks long positions with BID price for meeting of this order provisions (the order is always set below the current BID price), and it does with ASK price for short positions (the order is always set above the current ASK price). To automate Stop Loss order following the price, one can use Trailing Stop.

Take Profit

Take Profit order is intended for gaining the profit when the security price has reached a certain level. Execution of this order results in closing of the position. It is always connected to an open position or a pending order. The order can be requested only together with a market or a pending order. Terminal checks long positions with BID price for meeting of this order provisions (the order is always set above the current BID price), and it does with ASK price for short positions (the order is always set below the current ASK price).

In MetaTrader 4, orders can be set in several ways – via the Market Watch, using the hotkeys or directly from the chart by enabling One Click Trading.

Comprehensive information about all orders and open positions are available in the Terminal – Trade window. From there you can track the number of orders and positions, open prices, volumes, stop orders and your account state. In addition from this window, you can review the detailed history of all your trades.

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